Mental Illness – glossary
Psychiatry: This word comes from two other words. Psyche (meaning mind/soul) and iatreia (meaning cure). Psychiatry is a branch of medicine and psychiatrists treat people, using drugs and other physical methods, to change the way people act and feel.
Psychology: This word is also derived from two other words. Psyche (meaning mind/soul) and logia (meaning study of). Psychology tries to explain why people act, think and feel the way they do.
Mental Illness: A sickness of the brain according to psychiatrists and psychologists, but for which there is no proof at all of its existence. This does not mean that problems don’t exist, or that a person can never feel bad, but there is no evidence that these are caused by a sickness of the brain.
Brain: A physical organ inside the head that sends and receives messages through the nervous system. It is a physical part of the body, just as an arm, leg or the heart is. It has little to do with thinking. It can physically tell the body that something is hot and warn against touching it, but it doesn’t make decisions for you or tell you how to act.
Mind: “A part of the person that knows and thinks and feels and wishes and chooses,” the World Book Dictionary says. It is a running record of a person’s past, almost like a movie.
Psychiatric Drugs: Mind- and brain-altering drugs. They are not like normal medicine. Some can be just as addictive as illegal drugs, such as heroin and cocaine. They cannot cure or heal a person. They may appear to relieve the person’s fears, upsets or depression, but they do not cure the underlying cause.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A list of behaviors that
psychiatrists declare are problems, such as: has too little attention, is too active, fidgets, squirms, and, therefore, is not “normal.” Note that there is no scientific or medical proof to support either the existence of the disorder or the validity of a diagnosis.
Learning Disorder: A list of symptoms that psychiatrists say shows a person will have difficulty being able to learn. Note that there is no scientific or medical proof to support either the existence of the disorder or the validity of a diagnosis.
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